In the border between Mexico and the United States, populated by about 15 million people living in Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Tamaulipas; as well as California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas, among others, it has been reported an increment of maternal death risk, informed experts of the North America Research Center (CISAN) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).
This is the result of social factors such as limited access to prenatal care, teenage pregnancy, violence and the use of psychotropic substances, said Jill A. McDonald, researcher at the University of New Mexico.
“One reason of maternal health detriment in this region is high fertility rates of Hispanic between 15 and 19 years, as well as cesareans. So it is necessary to create a system of border information in this area,” she proposed.
Seventy three percent of women of reproductive age in our country suffer from obesity, increasing three times obstetric risks, said Felipe Vadillo Ortega, from the Faculty of Medicine (FM), at the international seminar “Maternal Health in Mexico and the United States”, coordinated by CISAN’s Valeria Marina Valle.
Not only is that factor associated with pregnancy what triggers gestational diabetes, but hypertensive disease, which can lead to pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, he said.
In turn, Matthias Sachse, representative of UNICEF Mexico, said that for every 100,000 children that born in Latin America, 85 die.
“One of the problems to solve is the number of caesarean sections performed and poor access to family planning systems,” he said.
In the Seminar Room of CISAN, Gaspar Hernan Orozco Rios, from the Institute for Mexicans Abroad, presented the ‘Ventanilla de Salud’ (Health Counter) program, the largest inter-agency project on Preventive Health between Mexico and the United States.
“It is a space within the 50 Mexican consulates in the American Union. Only in 2014, 534,402 million nationals were attended and 3.8 million services were offered. ”
In addition, Mexican inhabitants in the border region show a “special metabolism” because when arriving to the American Union, they change their original diet to fast food, so conditions like obesity and diabetes are derived.
31.8 million Mexicans live In the US, averaging 35 years of age. Of this number, 34 percent do not have health insurance, and of this population, women are the most vulnerable.
Source: DGCS UNAM