México ranks first in teenage pregnancies among the member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This situation presents a problem for sexual and reproductive well-being of Mexican population, said Maria del Carmen Juarez Toledo at the National School of Social Work (ENTS) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).
In a lecture series on public, the director of Sustainable Urban Development of the National Institute for Women (Inmujeres), Juarez Toledo , said that school dropouts, low performance at work and even some deaths are possible consequences of teenage pregnancy.
Juarez Toledo said that in our country there are 22.4 million individuals between 10 and 19 years, according to the National Population Council (CONAPO); and according to the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012, the proportion of teenagers between 12 to 19 years who have an active sex life increased from 15 percent in 2006 to 23 percent in 2012.
In 2012, there were 456,000 births from teenage mothers under 20 years, of which 10,880 were from 15 years-old mothers. In addition, maternal mortality increased from 32 percent per 100 thousand births to 37.3 percent, in 2013, she said.
Early pregnancy affects the permanence in the classroom; as more than 90 percent of mothers aged 12 to 19 do not attend classes. Meanwhile, in the workplace the possibility of receiving stable income or access to specialized jobs and quality is lower (according to the aforementioned demographic survey, nine out of 10 mothers aged 15-19 reported they stay at home), she added.
Early parenthood triggers a chain of aggravated vulnerability conditions in children. Therefore, to combat this scenario, the National Strategy for the Prevention of Teenage Pregnancy (Enapea) was established. It seeks reducing births to zero in girls aged 10-14 by 2018 and, in women aged 15-19, decreasing figures to 63.1 pregnancies in every thousand, Juarez Toledo concluded.
Source: DGCS UNAM