According to figures from the 2014-2015 US Health Survey, 13 percent of Mexican migrants had problems with depression or sadness, reported the deputy director of Socioeconomic Studies and International Migration the National Population Council (CONAPO) of Mexico, Alejandra Reyes Miranda.
Following her participation in the IV International Congress on Health, which took place in the Popular Autonomous University of Puebla (UPAEP), she said that this condition prevented them from carrying out their daily activities.
In an interview with Notimex, said that a publication presented by the CONAPO, together with the Health Initiative of the Americas, includes three articles in this subject.
The first article addresses this issue on the returning population, differentiating men and women. Alejandra Reyes explained that the study found higher depression levels accompanied with higher consumption of alcohol and tobacco in woman than in males. She also said that men showed less depression levels, but the condition was also present in that group.
Another study monitors a group of depressed women from Puebla who live in New York illegally. As part of the study, the group of Mexican women had to fill questionnaires that revealed that their depression was not precisely associated with precarious working conditions. “It is derived from the pressure of gender role exerted from Mexico by families for sending remittances and be long-distance householders, are some of the findings,” she said.
The third study addresses how returning migrants arriving in the country point out that there is greater social pressure in the United States, beyond the immigration climate, the CONAPO specialist said. This was due to the society itself, the way they live in the American Union. These women mentioned factors such as wanting and having to have a job, having to achieve certain living standards, among a series of factors that trigger a series of variables when they return to the country.
Reyes Miranda said that the findings of the publication show the importance of being prepared for the return of population that is already occurring, taking into account that 10 percent of Mexican migrants in the United States have more than 65 years, and 6 in 10 do not have citizenship.
In addition to the mental health conditions found in these populations, 12 percent of Mexicans living in the United States have a previous diagnosis of diabetes. There are a number of variables, and Mexico has to be prepared for a possible return of migrants particularly in the case of elderly.
She explained that Puebla ranks 10 in immigration, during the 2009-2014 period, 29,000 people from Puebla migrated to the US, and prior to 2009 about 82,000 migrated. In terms of returning population, the State of Puebla occupies the number 7 nationally.