The Technological Institute of Colima (ITEC) created a portable and low-cost system to monitor the breasts’ temperature for early detection of cancer.

The first stage of this research was published at the Ibero-American Journal of Health Sciences in 2015 under the name: ‘Human breast temperature monitoring system for the early detection of breast cancer’.

Subsequently, we carried out the second phase, which consisted of designing a portable system to early detect the conditions that preceded the appearance of breast cancer. It had to be economical and personalized and not as intrusive as the mammography,” said Jesus Alberto Verduzco-Ramirez, from the ITYEC Division of Postgraduate and Research Studies.

With this monitoring system, what is sought is to detect the initial conditions of breast cancer, since the breasts undergo changes in their thermographic pattern, which is a nominal temperature value of human breasts.

The proposed solution is to implement this portable system for breast cancer research, which is easy to operate at home and is low cost. Likewise, this current technology provides reliable results that can be valued by specialists, which can lead to early detection that allows the patient to receive timely care and, many times, save her life,” said Verduzco-Ramirez.

He explained that the prototype is divided into two modules; the first consists of monitoring the temperature though an adapted bra with sensors; and the second is the analysis by the specialist who interprets the data.

The bra has 14 sensors that detect the variation of the temperature, which are placed in each cup, which are not uncomfortable or annoying. The sensors are attached to a receptor devise where data on thermal values is stored. The data in receptor can be downloaded through USB to a computer, and then analysed in a platform previously designed for that purpose. The site has several options where both the patient and the physician can visualize and analyse the information helping the oncologist to make a better diagnosis.

Verduzco Ramirez explained that their software was developed for the web, implemented in a virtual repository (the cloud) in order that both the patient and the doctor can access the information from anywhere through the Internet.

The student of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Colima, Zeily M. Alvarez-Verduzco, who participates in this project, mentioned that each breast has a particular thermal pattern that should not differ in time.

Alvarez-Verduzco explained that the temperature patterns of healthy and cancerous breasts are different mainly due to the metabolism of the tissue with an injury, as the tumours increase the circulation of nutrients to their cells by opening the existing blood vessels and creating new ones, what is known as angiogenesis.

The monitoring sessions last 24 hours; and every five minutes, a measurement is taken, which is stored and uploaded to the cloud for analysis by the specialist.

 

Source: Agencia Informativa CONACYT