Researchers from the University of Granada (UGR) found that men with periodontitis, a disease that involves inflammation of the gums and the structures that surround and support the teeth, are more likely to suffer erectile dysfunction. The results show how patients with this disease were 2.28 times more likely to suffer erectile dysfunction than periodontal healthy patients. According to the UGR researchers proper teeth brushing and oral hygiene can help in the prevention of this type of male sexual impotence.
Erectile dysfunction is defined as the inability to have an erection due to organic, psychological causes or a combination of both. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation of the gum with destruction of alveolar bone and connective tissue that surround and support the teeth and leads to their loss.
In this disease, the periodontal bacteria and the inflammatory cytokines originated in the gingival focus injure the vascular endothelium. When this endothelial dysfunction occurs in the vessels of the penis, the blood flow in this organ is disturbed and impotence occurs.
In this study of 80 cases and 78 controls, with patients treated at the Urology Department of the San Cecilio Clinical Hospital of the Health Technology Park (PTS) of Granada, sociodemographic data were collected, a periodontal examination and an analytical test were performed to measure testosterone levels, lipid profile, C-reactive protein, glycemia and glycosylated hemoglobin.
The results, published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology, reveal that 74% of the patients with erectile dysfunction presented periodontitis. More notable, the patients with greater dysfunction had greater periodontal injury.
Patients with periodontitis were 2.28 times more likely to suffer erectile dysfunction than periodontal healthy patients, and the associated biochemical variables were triglyceride levels, C-reactive protein and glycosylated hemoglobin.